Mushrooms Are Not Plants

Mushrooms are not plants or animals . They have a classification all their own. They are fungi. This is a sample of a local SWFL mushroom that should start a discussion on fungi. The purpose is to provide a vocabulary for description and to show the various forms of these fungi. The growth that is seen above ground typified by this example is the fruit of the fungi. From this fruit spores are shed to facilitate reproduction. Below the ground is the bulk or the working organism. This undergrowth is very extensive in both size and spread. The undergrowth also provides a network of communication for further reproduction and communication with plants that share the same environment. Showed here are both the macroscopic and the microscopic structures.

From this you will also see that fungi are not plants but are a completely different life form. When entering data in the Epicollect5 database be sure to use the fungi classification and not the plant option.

Fig. 1 Destroying Angel (Amanita bisporigera)
Fig. 2 Gross anatomy of mushroom fruit
Fig. 3 Mushroom gill structure where you can see the spores dusting the sides of the gills.
Fig.4 Mushroom cap divided to show internal anatomy of gill structure.
Fig. 5 Spore on mushroom gill. 100x magnification.

Note in

Fig. 6 Ball of soil, tree roots and fungal mycelium. 4X magnification
Fig. 7 Deep network of entangling mycelium. Magnified 40X
Fig. 8 Mycelium encompassing root tip of tree.This provides an opportunity to communicate with and exchange communication among neighboring plants.

Fungi form a vast, complex part of the floor of the forest, grassland, sloughs and savanas in almost all environments and on all of the continents. Unfortunately they are rarely seen or discussed. I hope that we have the opportunity to explore them in greater detail in the future,

References:

Mushroom species Look up

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